Education

Irish Native Tree Trail

Learn about Native Irish trees from Eanna Ni Lamhna of the Tree Council in the film we made with our Green Committee founders of the easy treesie project!

The video tour was recorded in the Botanic Gardens and St. Anns park, and was funded with thanks by the Electricity Association of Ireland. We are very grateful to the 1st class group from St. Laurence school, Dublin 13 and their teachers for helping us learn about all types of trees.

What is a native tree? Why are they so important?

Native Irish Trees


Ash – Fuinseóg (Albnus GlutinosaKnown for hurleys, wood for chariots, wellbeing.https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=T1PwghX7xe8
Silver Birch – Beith Gheal
(Betula Pendula)

Birch Beith (Betula pendula & betula pubescens).
Birch wood is tough and heavy making it suitable for making furniture and toys.
Known for beauty, colonising new ground.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-1B97CU87N4
Yew – Iúr (Taxus Baccata)

Yew Iúr (Taxus baccata).
Known for long life, excellent timber.https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6HvMgPt65_k
Oak Sessile – Dair Ghaelach (Quercus Petraea)

Oak Dair  (Quercus pataea & Quercus robur).
Known for timber, acorns for pigs, strength.https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=N_Q-jP0zbHY
Alder Fearnóg  (Alnus glutinosa).The value of the wood from Alder is its ability to withstand rot under water and historically it has been used in the construction of boats, sluice gates and water pipes.https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nyxI0kt2fXw
Cherry Silín  (Prunus avium). Known for beautiful blossoms, sweet fruit, symbol of love.
The wood is hard, strong and honey-coloured and is widely used in decorative veneers and furniture.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=knFelP_0VRo
Holly – Cuileann (Ilex Aquifolium)Known for its red berries, protection, winter forage.https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=crtQEVgPXZY
Apple Úll   (Malus sylvestris). 
Crab Apple Crann Fia-úll
Known for fruit, dye (from bark), otherworld.https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Qm3H9Y1ck1I
Scot’s Pine Giúis (Pinus sylvestrus).Known for resin, firewood, rebirth.https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ku0pNKORRxU
Elm Leamhán (Ulmus glabra).
Wych Elm
Known for waterproof timber, fertility.https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eLaG8cIUm7o
Willow Saileach  (Salix caprea). Known for food for bees, fertility, baskets.https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=H_LmiGF2xyk
Rowan Caorthann  (Sorbus aucuparia). Known for magic, red berries, spear shafts.https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wTNJ8weERxk
Hawthorn Sceach gheal   (Crategus monogyna).Known for white blossoms, associated with May festival, fairies.https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=96udd9B3Gec

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ysDdhziZMgY
Aspen Creathach (Populus tremula).Known for whispering, sound, age.https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_8M0JZY7KRk
Elder Trom (Sambucus nigra).Known for flowers, berries, witchcraft, tonic.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=epa03c9ymTM
Spindle – Feoras (Euonymous Europaeus)Known for bright berries, the sun, sight.https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=w7yycoPLyqI
Strawberry Tree – Arbutus Caithne (Arbutus unedo).Known for blossoms and fruit, Co. Kerry.https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1ymwKbG56Qg
Viburnum Opulus – Guelder RoseThey are commonly grown as an ornamental plant for its pretty flower heads and bright juicy berries.
Hazel Coll  (Corylus avellana).Hazel was used for water divining sticks, hurdles and furniture making.
Known for nuts, wisdom, protection against evil
Thanks to all involved – see here https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zfjZY7xhYaQ and to http://21trees.ie/ for some of the images.

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